PC Maintenance And Troubleshooting

Objectives :

  • Maintain Hard Disk Drives
  • Work with Scandisk Utility
  • Work with Chkdsk Utility
  • Work with Disk Cleanup Utility
  • Maintain I/O devices
  • Troubleshoot I/O device

Maintaining the Hard Disk Drives :

Scan the disk to check a particular volume for file system errors

File system errors indicate bad sectors on the volume

Chkdsk is used to check the disk for errors based on file system, displays status report, and repair errors

Lost clusters, cross-linked files or allocation errors are detected using Chkdsk

Disk Cleanup determine which files are no longer required on the hard drive and delete the same

Disk Cleanup enables you to free up the space on your hard drive

Maintaining the I/O Devices :

Input output devices refer to the external components that are attached to the system

Input devices are :

  • Mouse (Clean and troubleshoot from control panel)
  • Keyboard (clean)
  • Scanner

Output devices are :

  • Monitor (Clean and show how to check E to N voltage)
  • Printer
  • Speakers

Maintaining Storage Devices :

Storage devices enable you to store and transfer data between the computer and different storage media

Different storage devices are :

  • Floppy Drive
  • Zip Drives
  • CD & DVD Drive
  • Tape Drive

Maintaining Floppy Drives :

  • Do not use dirty or corrupted disks
  • Clean the head regularly by using a floppy drive cleaning kit

Clean the CD-ROM drive for proper functioning

Summary :

Scanning your disk enables you to check a particular volume for file system errors

The Disk Cleanup ut-ility enables you to determine which files are no longer required on the hard drive and delete the same

Input output devices refer to the external components that are attached to the system

Mouse and keyboard are the most handled device while working with the computer

Storage devices enable you to store and transfer data between the computer and different storage media such as floppy disks and CDs

The floppy drive is the one of the oldest storage devices used by PCs. It must be handled with care to avoid data transfer problems

The Check Disk utility enables you to check a particular volume for file system errors

Using the disk cleanup utility you can remove the different temporary and unnecessary files from your hard drive